Sanskrit name: Jiraka, Shaijeera, Kala Jira, Jira, Krishna jeeraka
Botanical name: Carum carvi
Habitat: Caraway is native to western Asia, Europe and Africa.
- Rasa (taste): Pungent
- Virya (action): Heating
- Vipaka (post-digestive effects): Pungent
- Dosha (Constitution): Balances kapha and vata, aggravates pitta
Caraway is rich in proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and essential oils. Essential oils extracted from this precious herb is used for treating skin ailments. The essential oils possess carminative, antiseptic, diuretic and expectorant properties. The oil is also used in aromatherapies and massages. It is used as a spice in India. It acts as a stimulant is beneficial in gastrointestinal tract diseases. Its astringent properties help in digestion and bowel movements.
Essential oil extracted from this herb needs to dilute before using and a patch test is recommended before the usage. Avoid excessive consumption during pregnancy.